What Is The Difference Between MES and ERP for Lifescience Manufacturing?
ERP is used to create and manage the basic plant schedule including production, material use, delivery and shipping, making information the centre of the operation. ERP modules are usually a mix of accounting, supply chain, order processing, inventory management, human resources and customer relationship management functions. ERP focuses on working within time frames of months, weeks and days.
MES is used to drive the manufacturing operation, by managing and reporting on plant activities as events occur, in real-time. MES creates and maintains manufacturing records and highlights exceptions. Typical functions are electronic batch records, weigh and dispense, equipment management, set up and cleaning. MES works within time frames of days, shifts, hours and minutes.
What stops ERP matching an MES?
ERP and MES overlap in some areas, which can cause confusion. Examples of this are ERPs with custom-built weigh and dispense workflows or electronic batch / device history record workflows. However, there are gaps when ERP cannot truly replace an MES function like electronic batch / device history records, weigh and dispense or equipment management with business rules.
A customer was advised by an ERP vendor to use workflow to execute weigh and dispense functionality. Afterwards, the customer discovered the workflow was custom built and can only be used in one specific dispensary in one specific plant. The customer then realised that the software interface for communicating with the scales was also custom coded, so replacing the scales if it required repairs effectively stopped production.
Another customer was advised by an ERP vendor to use bill of materials and bill of resources to create an ‘electronic device history record’ where a list of operations and special instructions were printed out from the ERP system to follow each job. Operators would then sign off on the print out.
However, this does not do what an MES should do, as MES is just not concerned about going paperless. It is about improving efficiency and throughput by:
- Showing in real-time what is next to do and what has been completed
- Automatically creating notifications and logs for issues
- Enabling quality to work in parallel with manufacturing, reviewing events and what went wrong in real-time to prevent delays later at product release.
If ERP systems were extended to control production operations, with inevitable custom coding, then changing ERP means recreating and re-validating production operations functions. This is because ERP workflows are not validated ERP library objects.The main areas where we have observed ERP not meet customer’s expectations when it was used to drive manufacturing operations include:
- Time benefits and total cost of ownership – Typical ERP project durations are greater than 12 months and costs are typically three times more than MES solutions
- Cost of configuration – Many ERP systems make electronic batch records as a custom solution. This drives up costs when configuration and interfacing are included and specialists are needed for minor changes
- Data and collaboration may not be in real-time. Exceptions are not automatically generated by ERP systems because they may be missed or reported too late to avoid delays or write offs in manufacturing
- IT have to find a way to capture data from manufacturing equipment. ERP is not designed to communicate to equipment, devices and enterprise systems, requiring outages that can leave data gaps in a real-time data environment
- ERP is not designed to run 24/7 like an MES and outages for patch updates are frequent and often just rolled out from central IT without warning and causing potential downtime
- Future proofing – Another consideration is what could happen in the future when, for example, the business acquires other sites and wants to align ERP systems
What then are the benefits of MES over ERP?
Benefits of MES Electronic Batch Records (eBR):
- Reductions in paperwork lead to 40%-80% extra time for data entry
- Automatic data collection and exception alerts
- Release times 50%-80% faster
- Real-time discussion of errors and exceptions
- Real-time view of all manufacturing processes
Benefits of MES Weigh and Dispense:
- 100% verification of raw material
- Automatically generates correct documentation for each batch
- Automatically highlights exceptions
Benefits of MES Equipment Management:
- Eliminate paper log books
- Real-time usage information for all equipment, rooms, containers etc
- Instant filterable search for regulatory audit evidence
- There is the temptation to get ERP to perform everything, although in reality the gains in manufacturing operations are quicker to achieve with MES electronic batch / device history records and other functions, due to exception highlighting and 24/7 view of manufacturing and equipment.